The United States will provide the remaining $2 billion over the next two years as other nations fulfill and make their own pledges, the officials said.
“We want to turn this into a way to translate $2 billion into several billion dollars, up to at least $15 billion,” said one of the officials, estimating the total amount needed for the global vaccination drive.
COVAX aims to deliver at least 2 billion vaccine doses by the end of 2021 to cover 20% of the most vulnerable people in poor and middle-income countries. The program is at risk of failing, mainly due to a lack of funds.
The incoming head of the World Trade Organization and others have underscored the urgent need to jump-start vaccinations across Africa and in other regions that are lagging behind.
The U.S. officials said the donations would not interfere with Biden’s promise to have enough vaccines available for all Americans who want them by the end of July.
“When we have a sufficient supply it is our intention to consider donating surplus vaccines, absolutely,” said one official.